NATIONAL TRAINING SESSION ON
HUMAN RIGHTS & PEACE EDUCATION
Conducted in English & Hindi
18-20 January 2008(Nagpur) India
ASSOCIATION FOR THE SCHOOL AS AN INSTRUMENT OF PEACE (EIP)
mondiale pour I’ Ecole Instrument de Paix (EIP
INSTITUTE FOR PEACE, DISARMAMENT & ENVIRONMENTAL
Sakkardara Road, Nagpur – 440009 India
91-712-2745806 Fax: 91-712-2743664
Organized by EIP India &
EIP International, Geneva
India with help
from EIP International organized 5th
National Training session on Human Rights &
Peace Education from 18- 20 January 2008 at Nagpur. 86
participants mostly teachers and some NGOs from all
parts of India attended the seminar.
18th after the registration of outstation
delegates, they were taken for City Tour and “No More
Hiroshima. No More Nagasaki. Peace Museum.”
At evening get-together,
ideas about this Training session were discussed, which
was followed by dinner.
day, on 19th January 2008, after breakfast
the training session started with ice breaking exercises
of introduction of participants to each other.
session was started at 10.00 AM. Justice K.R.Vyas,
Chairperson, Maharashtra Human Rights Commission was
chief guest for this Function.
of the guests and deliberations by experts are given in
Nalini Kurvey: On
behalf of EIP India, EIP International and Indian
Institution for Peace, Disarmament & Environmental
Protection, welcome address was delivered by Dr. Nalini
Kurvey. EIP India
started working since 1995 under the guidance of eip
International. Which has conducted four National
training and five regional training, many more seminars
and workshops of teachers, NGO, Government officials
in many cities in India. Trained participants
from such training sessions are organizing seminars and
short training sessions in their respective areas of
explained the meaning of EIP, which is a French word
meaning World Association for School as an Instrument of
Peace. It is international non-governmental organization
devoted to teaching of Human rights and peace. It was
founded by Jacques Mulherhaler. He founded EIP, World
Association for the School as an Instrument of Peace
with his friends. And set down Universal principle of
Universal principles of civic education are as follow:
The school as at a service of humanity.
The school paves the way to mutual Understanding for all
the children of the world.
The school teachers respect for life.
The school teaches tolerance, that quality which helps
to accept attitude and behavior that are different from
The school develops sense of responsibility, one of the
greatest prerogatives of man. The more his condition
improves the greater of the responsibility he must
The school teaches the child to overcome his egoism,
of these First one is the most important, that means
school prepares the child to be a good human being.
its creation EIP has been continuously enlarging its
peace spreading activities and the rule played by
school. So that Today’s children, who are future
citizens, should live in peaceful world. EIP has got
consultative status to international organizations like
UN, UNESCO, ILO, Council of Europe etc. EIP can make
governments aware of the necessicity of peace education,
proposes changes for their text books and education
1984 EIP created a foundation, the international
training center on human rights and peace teaching,
called CIFEDHOP, which organizes annual international
training sessions in Geneva. In Asia eip India is
organizing Human Rights Training session on National and
is said that if you are planning for the future, educate
your children. This is the reason EIP is targeting
teachers, who will inculcate Human Rights values in
their pupils. If we wish to create a lasting; peace we
must begin with children. India has one of the largest
educational systems of the world with largest number of
primary and secondary schools.
stressed the necessity for such training sessions which
are to introduce Human Rights ideas and necessity of
interactive learning to introduce different modules for
putting into practice, participation and respect of
students’ rights and opportunity of sharing
experiences with each other.
Vyas.Chairperson, Maharashtra Human Rights Commission
addressing the delegates. Dr. Balkrishna Kurvey, Dr.
Yamini Alsi, Dr. Nalini Kurvey on dais.
noted Gynecologist and Social Worker said
I am really happy to know the work done by Dr.
Kurvey. When the child is born we are the first to hand
over the baby to mother and mother is the first Guru
/teacher and 2nd teacher are you. It is very
important to teach
knowledge of human rights. Without knowing their
rights how child can face the world. The delegates from
Jammu & Kashmir to Kerala are attending the training
workshop is not only to attend but how we follow it and
impart to our students and society. The chief guest
Justice Vyas, Chairperson of Maharashtra Human Rights
Commission is a proper person to address and guide you.
First we are citizen of India and world. She wish best
of luck and fruitful deliberation in this training
Dr. Balkrishna Kurvey:
said indeed I am happy to see many new faces from all
parts of India. Why we require such type of training?
India is moving towards development very fast and it
going to become of the major power in the world. But
until and unless Human Rights are observed, India could
not become major power. He said that he has seen and
observed that countries where Human Rights are not
observed and violated, peace is not in the society and
Rights are pre-requisite for peace and development.
Peace and Human Rights are two sides of one coin. Our
main aim to arranged such types of training is very much
relevant for our sustainable development and timely
requirement for India
per UN maxim “As war started in the mines of men,
peace also must start in the minds of men” Role of
teachers is very important to teach human rights and
peace to the students.
In school days what students will learn will be
imprinted in their mind and at adult age it will
surface. Rightly educated students are important for the
society and nation. Police and Military are in lime
light due to violator of Human rights.
We should not forget that military and police are
also human being and they are part of society. When
militants, indiscriminately killed and injured our
Jawans and police, their human rights are also violated.
The lower rank of them should be taught about Human
Rights .Two pillars of Human Rights is Justice
Department and police. We are lucky that an important
person from judiciary and police department is here to
address the delegates. I am hopeful that in this three
days deliberation we will learn ideas of the teachers
regarding teaching of Human Rights and Peace, The role
of teachers are very important.
India and IIPDEP are working for human rights and peace
education from more than 10 years with support and
guidance from EIP International. We are thankful to Ms
Monique, Secretary of EIP International, her staff and
members of EIP International, Dr. Kurvey wish Happy New
Year and fruitful deliberations.
Justice K.R.Vyas, Chairperson of
Maharashtra Human Rights Commission
said Maharashtra Human Rights Commission is supposed to
hear the violation of the Human Rights and other
activities of awareness of Human Rights. Most people are
not aware of human rights.
First time, I read the EIP booklet and came
across that such Yeoman work done by EIP International
and EIP India.
I come from judiciary and Chief Justice, joined
the Maharashtra Human Rights Commission as chairperson.
Dissemination and spread of Human Rights is also
one of the most important works of Human Rights
Commission. If the teachers will know about Human
Rights, certainly they will give education to students.
In India every citizen enjoyed fundamental rights.
Certain rights are essential to live with dignity. It is
mentioned in University Declaration of Human Rights. In
early 1990 India failed to need a Human Rights
Commission but due to positive criticism by western
countries especially on Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir and
North East India, pressure was to create National Human
Rights Commission. Human Rights Act was passed in 1994.
The purpose of ACT is to provide mechanism for Human
Rights Commission and better protection of Human Rights.
Important work of Human Rights Commission is to
investigate on the complaints of violation of
Human Rights. Act also provide establishment of
State Human Rights Commission. Commission has to submit
the report to State/Central Government. The judiciary
will observe the implementation of Human Rights. UN is
to monitor the Human Rights in the world. Civil society
play important role and NGO and media play promotion,
protection and implementation of Human Rights in world.
of Human Rights is universal, child labor, genocide,
slavery, racial discrimination. India has also rights
violation, wife beating, Dalits, displacement of poor
farmers and tribal’s for so called development.
Judiciary and National Human Rights Commission is yet to
be seen the effectiveness. We receive most complaint of
custodial harassment. Police need to be sensitized and
change of attitude of police.
. Supreme Court of India has given landmark
judgment on police. Justice Vyas sited many cases of
Supreme Court judgment. Compensation should pay to
victims by concern department.
of awareness to police/government officers and public is
essential and sensitize then about the Human Rights.
Human Rights education should be imparted to students
with critically analysis which help him/her in the
beginning of their career. I am hopeful that this
will imparted to the delegates. Person suffering
mental/physical handicap are also suffering, there cause
should also be taken on human rights platform. There is
lack of information in society; you should take up the
cases and forward to your state Human Rights Commission.
Lastly I thank Dr. Kurvey and her team for arranging
such important National training session for teachers
and NGO and it will surely bear the fruits. Also convey
my thank to eip International for such noble work and
urge them to assist/guide/help EIP India. Such training
will help the biggest democracy of the world that is
the inauguration speech by Justice Vyas, many delegates
ask questions which was rightly answered by Justice Vyas.
Convention on human Rights & Fundamental Rights in
Balkrishna Kurvey, President, Indian Institute for
peace, Disarmament & Environmental Protection
addressed the delegates on UN Convention of Human Rights
and Fundamental Rights in Indian Constitution.The
Universal Declaration of Human Rights is adopted
by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December
1948 at Palais
de Chaillot, Paris.
The Declaration arose directly from the
experience of the Second
World War and represents the first global expression
of rights to which all human beings are inherently
entitled. It consists of 30 articles which have been
elaborated in subsequent international treaties,
regional human rights instruments, national
constitutions and laws. The International
Bill of Human Rights consists of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,
and the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two
Optional Protocols. In 1966 the General Assembly adopted
the two detailed Covenants, which complete the
International Bill of Human Rights; and in 1976, after
the Covenants had been ratified by a sufficient number
of individual nations, the Bill took on the force of
Fundamental Rights embodied in the Indian
constitution acts as a guarantee that all Indian
citizens can and will lead their life’s in
peace as long as they live in Indian democracy.
These civil liberties take precedence over any
other law of the land. They include individual
rights common to most liberal democracies, such
as equality before the law, freedom of speech
and expression, freedom of association and
peaceful assembly, freedom of religion, and the
right to constitutional remedies for the
protection of civil rights such as habeas
In addition, the Fundamental Rights for Indians
are aimed at overturning the inequities of past
social practices. They have also been used to in
successfully abolishing the "untouchability";
prohibit discrimination on the grounds of
religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth;
and forbid trafficking in human beings and also
the forced labor. They go beyond conventional
civil liberties in protecting cultural and
educational rights of minorities by ensuring
that minorities may preserve their distinctive
languages and establish and administer their own
Here we have defined the six fundamental rights
as per the constitution of India: -
to Particular Freedom
and Educational Rights
to Freedom of Religion
Against Exploitation and
to Constitutional Remedies
UN Convention of human Rights are included in
Fundamental rights in Indian Constitution.
QUESTIONNAIRE (UN Convention)
Mr. Fadtare and Chandra Bhushan Pratap Singh
the speech by Dr. Kurvey the Participants were divided
in groups and given the questionnaire on Human Rights in
general and on Indian Human Rights Commission.
Participants were asked to discuss among themselves and
write on the board. After finishing, group leader was
asked to read and explain the answers, while all group
members standing beside and helping the leader, showing
the participation of each member.
explaining the workshop on UN Convention
Nalini Kurvey, President EIP India said that
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is
an international human rights treaty that grants all
children and young people (aged 17 and under) a
comprehensive set of rights. India signed and ratified
the treaty. When
a country ratifies the convention it agrees to do
everything it can to implement it. The convention gives
children and young people over 40 substantive rights.
These include the right to:
protection measures and assistance
to services such as education and health care
their personalities, abilities and talents to the
up in an environment of happiness, love and
informed about and participate in achieving their
rights in an accessible and active manner
of the rights in the convention apply to all children
and young people without discrimination. A state
who are party to the convention has obligations to
ratify the convention, including reporting to the
international treaty monitoring body, the Committee on
the Rights of the Child.
Child Rights was conducted. The teachers were
divided into small groups and they were asked to discuss
and come with inferences about the rights, which are
followed in their schools and which were violated. They
had to search for the article number which is related to
the statements and explain in their language, which made
all the participants to know the rights of the children.
They were also made to think about the rights which are
violated and how. Also they were asked to brainstorm,
how they can rectify the situations and make their
schools student friendly.
new ideas were shared by the participants, about equal
participation and equal dignity to each child regardless
of the gender, caste, economic status. The teachers were
convinced that they have to respect the rights of the
children. Teacher will act as facilitator to the
Chandrashekhar Fadnaik was the moderator for this
workshop, who applauded the teachers for presenting the
workshop so effectively. He asked the teachers to work
for inculcating the human rights values in their
students. Also they should make them aware of their
duties so that the students will become responsible
citizens of our country when they will grow up.
among delegates on Child Rights
January 20, 2008
Breakfast, fist session started at 9.00 a. m.
started with first days recap with
groups discussing amongst themselves and and Dr.
Balkrishna Kurvey moderated,
gave explanations to the participants queries and
explaining articles on Human rights and giving examples
of the incidences and
cases handled by Human rights commission.
Session: Protection of Human Rights
through development of emotional Competence:
Dr. K. Bhandrkar,
Principal, P.P. College of Education, Gondia,
Maharashtra addressed the delegated that today’s topic
Emotional Development and Competence will touch what are
Human Rights and how it is violated. You are aware that
values are important in Human Rights. Values direct our
life and action. What a person will do at given time
situation is decided by his values. Human Rights
have to develop of
any person in his 1) Cognitive; 2) Affective and
3) Psychological development. In our traditional
development every 10 years knowledge is exploded and
became double in 10 years. We have to accept the new
Motor development affects the individual and in this
domain proper attention is not given. Learning to live
together is essential. As per UNESCO report we have to
become the part of society wherever you are living.
rights education is fundamental and that it is therefore
essential that citizens are educated on human rights and
fundamental freedoms and the commitment to respect such
rights and freedom in domestic legislation and
international instrument to which they may be parties.
More detailed knowledge of the national legislation and
the international instruments is rare in the general
public. There is a void on how to use this legislation
against violation of human rights and in defense of the
dignity of man.
countries/East countries and Third World leaders and
other are to be persuaded that respect for human rights
is only compatible with but also indispensable for the
success of their economic development objectives. The
promotion of human rights is both an instrument and a
goal to development. The role of teachers/learners to
emphasize respect for all human rights is the economic,
social and cultural, civil. Political.
A development policy strategy bases on the denial
of any one of these rights is a negative of the concept
Human Rights Methodology
Pradip Lande and Prakash Tekade.
deliberation by Dr. Bhandarkar, the participants were
divided in small groups and workshop on different
methods and models of teaching was conducted. The
participants had beautifully presented the results of
this workshop by various methods and models
applications. Different groups used different methods
and models such as writings, role plays, dramas, songs,
interpretations. After completion of the workshop, the
group leader or in some groups all participants
explained with the methods or models allotted to them
the results of the workshop. Everybody was so
enthusiastic about their group’s performance; they
presented the outcomes very efficiently and
authoritatively. After all the groups had finished,
participants had the practical knowledge of all methods
and models and realized how beautifully they can teach
human rights with help of writing, interpretation,
Workshop Human Rights Methodology
Dr, Kishore Mahabal,
Professor of Political Science, Nagpur University,
started his session on Human Rights Literacy. He first
told short stories to the participants. These stories
were based on Human Rights, violations of Human Rights
and some were on Human Rights protections. Participants
were asked to make groups and discuss these stories one
by one and draw some inference. This was brainstorming
session. After the discussion was over the participants
were assembled in the Hall and were encouraged in
explaining the situations and solutions, and identifying
Human Rights articles and how Human Rights were
violated. Later on Dr. Mahabal completed the task by
deliberating on all Human Rights s stories.
among participants on Human Rights Literacy
and Projects run by Participants and Expectation from
Indira Rane, Washim observed Hiroshima Day on 6th
August 2005 at her school. She organized the essay
competition for the students after explaining them the
ill effects of nuclear weapons and wad war and why there
is need for total elimination of nuclear weapons. On 10th
December the School celebrated Human Rights day. Various
activities for the students as well as the teachers were
organized. She explained with simple methods, how human
Rights can be taught to the students.
Shridhar Jaybhaye, teacher from Sind Khed Raja who an
attended the Regional Training session at Amravati.
Since the he is organizing Human Rights awareness
activities for the fellow teachers. He is conducting the
seminars for the teachers. He talks about the
methodology, he learnt in the training, to his peers.
Chandra Bhushan Prasad Singh All the teachers and
the observed Hiroshima Day on 6th August and
Nagasaki day on 9th August as historical
days. The destruction due to Atom Bomb was discussed and
all could imagine the inhuman behavior.
Everybody was determined to work for peace and
disarmament and therefore there is the need for Human
Rights Education from the beginning. Arranged day Human
Rights education seminars for teachers in 9 schools. On
10th December, Human Rights day was
celebrated with great enthusiasm, stressing the need for
Human Rights teaching. Mr. Chandra Bhushan urged the
teachers as well as students to go beyond, caste, creed,
religion, gender and work for humanity. The values of
Human Rights should be inculcated from the childhood and
schools can do the job through teachers.
delegates said that retired teachers or School
Inspectors if involved give their time and utilize their
energy and experience in spreading the message of human
rights .If EIP
gives letter of recommendation for the education
officers and minister of education , the retired
teachers can go from school to school and spread the
message of human rights.
participant was quick in making songs and singing them,
she said this training session has provided so much
knowledge and information, that all participants will
participants said EIP has given them the material as
well as training and now it’s their duty to convey
these human rights ideas to their students and they have
to give their students the confidence that teachers are
their mentors and supporters as well as facilitator.
participant said that the seeds sown by EIP of human
rights will grow into a big beautiful tree through our
We will take this message from school to school
and village to village.
participant narrated the experiences and the human
rights projects he is running in his region, He teaches
human rights and explains the articles with examples to
the groups of teachers in monthly teachers’ meeting.
Similarly he had conducted sessions for the police
personals in his area.
participant recited poems and praises the work of EIP
the participants unanimously passed the resolution that
EIP training session in India is very essential for the
largest democracy in the world. Human Rights teaching
through the trained teachers will strengthen the
democracy and pave the way for development in India. All
the participants requested Ms Monique and EIP
International to continue the trainings session in
they congratulated Dr. Nalini and Dr. Balkrishna Kurvey
and team of EIP India for arranging such important
was chaired by Dr. Nalini Kurvey and Mr. Pradip Lande.
distribution of certificates the National training
session was concluded with vote of thanks by Mrs.